3.2 Reverend Günther's Journals - Annotations

  1. Gunther’s account of his journey to Wellington Valley was contained in a letter to Coates dated 1 September 1837, three weeks after the current journal entry. This is further evidence that the journals were written retrospectively, rather than on a daily basis. Günther to Coates, 1 September 1837 (Gunther Letter 3). [Return to page 33]
  2. Romans 1:16. “For I am not ashamed of this gospel; it is the power of God for the salvation to everyone who has faith, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.” [Return to page 34]
  3. 1 Peter 2:25. “For you were going astray like sheep, but now you have returned to the shepherd and guardian of your souls.” [Return to page 37]
  4. According to Watson, Gunther told him he had “made Mrs Watson a slave”. See Watson’s Reply, 1840. [Return to page 38]
  5. Hebrew 13:14. “For here we have no lasting city, but we are looking for the city that is to come.” [Return to page 39]
  6. Matthew 11:28-30. “Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.” [Return to page 44]
  7. Philippians 2:12-13. "Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling. For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure." [Return to page 46]
  8. Matthew 25:13. “Watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man cometh.” [Return to page 47]
  9. King William IV, third son of George III, died on 20 June 1837, age 71. His niece, Victoria, the only child of Edward Duke of Kent, fourth son of George III, died in 1901, after the longest reign in English history. [Return to page 51]
  10. The catechist, George Langhorne, was appointed missionary to the Aborigines at Port Phillip by Governor Bourke in November 1836, and given the use of 2,000 acres on the Yarra River. [Return to page 51]
  11. 1 Peter 2:9-10. "But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light: Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy." [Return to page 51]
  12. Exodus 40:34-38. "Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. And Moses was not able to enter into the tent of the congregation, because the cloud abode thereon, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. And when the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the children of Israel went onward in all their journeys: But if the cloud were not taken up, then they journeyed not till the day that it was taken up. For the cloud of the LORD was upon the tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys." [Return to page 53]
  13. Reverend Theophilus Blumhardt (see WellPro Directory). [Return to page 53]
  14. John 14:1. "Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also in me." [Return to page 53]
  15. 1 Corinthians 1:30-31. "But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption: That, according as it is written, He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord." [Return to page 56]
  16. Manuscript frequently misspells “occassion” or “occassionally”. This has been corrected by the editors. [Return to page 57]
  17. Philippians 4:4. "Rejoice in the Lord always: and again I say, Rejoice." [Return to page 58]
  18. Acts 10:34-35. "Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons: But in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him." [Return to page 62]
  19. Matthew 4:17. "From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand." [Return to page 63]
  20. Psalm 90:12. "So teach us to number our days, that we may apply our hearts unto wisdom." [Return to page 66]
  21. The female servant proved to be troublesome and was returned to the Factory a month later. Gunther Journal, 6 February 1838. [Return to page 71]
  22. Isaiah 55:6-7. "Seek ye the LORD while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near: Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return unto the LORD, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon" [Return to page 75]
  23. Luke 15:7. “I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, more than over ninety and nine just persons, which need no repentance.” [Return to page 81]
  24. Luke 22:22. “And truly the Son of man goeth, as it was determined: but woe unto that man by whom he is betrayed!” [Return to page 86]
  25. Romans 5:1-3. "Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ: By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God. And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience" [Return to page 90]
  26. John 12:47-48. "And if any man hear my words, and believe not, I judge him not: for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world. He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day." [Return to page 93]
  27. Matthew 27:24-26. "When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it. Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children. Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified." [Return to page 94]
  28. Lydia Woodruffe Gunther. Lydia married Thomas Kemmis at Mudgee in 1860. They had six children born at Yass and Paddington between 1861-1868. [Return to page 94]
  29. This would the wife of George Hickman, referred to in Watson’s Reply, 1840, p.19. [Return to page 101]
  30. John 10:14. "I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine." [Return to page 102]
  31. John 16:8-11. "And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: Of sin, because they believe not on me; Of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more; Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged." [Return to page 107]
  32. Henry Fysche Gisborne, Wellington Police Magistrate 1838-39, formerly Governor Bourke’s private secretary and later Crown Land Commissioner for Port Phillip (see Biographical Entry). [Return to page 107]
  33. John 6:37. "All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out." [Return to page 109]
  34. Luke 15:23-24. “And bring hither the fatted calf, and kill it; and let us eat, and be merry: For this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found. And they began to be merry.” [Return to page 117]
  35. Job 34:29. " When he giveth quietness, who then can make trouble? and when he hideth his face, who then can behold him? whether it be done against a nation, or against a man only:" [Return to page 121]
  36. Matthew 6:10. " Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven." [Return to page 123]
  37. Psalm 119:54. " Thy statutes have been my songs in the house of my pilgrimage." [Return to page 124]
  38. Deuteronomy 6:5-6. " And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might. And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart:" [Return to page 125]
  39. Proverbs 30:12. " There is a generation that are pure in their own eyes, and yet is not washed from their filthiness." [Return to page 127]
  40. Acts 10:43. " To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins." [Return to page 130]
  41. 2 Kings 5:13-14. " And his servants came near, and spake unto him, and said, My father, if the prophet had bid thee do some great thing, wouldest thou not have done it? how much rather then, when he saith to thee, Wash, and be clean? Then went he down, and dipped himself seven times in Jordan, according to the saying of the man of God: and his flesh came again like unto the flesh of a little child, and he was clean." [Return to page 131]
  42. Revelation 3:20. " Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me." [Return to page 132]
  43. Matthew 10:29-31. " Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father. But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more value than many sparrows." [Return to page 134]
  44. Matthew 6:19. "Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal:" [Return to page 135]
  45. 1 John 2:17. " And the world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever." [Return to page 141]
  46. Revelation 3:20. " Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me." [Return to page 144]
  47. Mark 14:36. " And he said, Abba, Father, all things are possible unto thee; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what thou wilt." [Return to page 147]
  48. Numbers 23:19. " God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do it? Or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good?" [Return to page 151]
  49. Psalm 67 begins " God be merciful unto us, and bless us; and cause his face to shine upon us; Selah. That thy way may be known upon earth, thy saving health among all nations." [Return to page 151]
  50. Deuteronomy 32:49. " Get thee up into this mountain Abarim, unto mount Nebo, which is in the land of Moab, that is over against Jericho; and behold the land of Canaan, which I give unto the children of Israel for a possession:" [Return to page 153]
  51. Galations 5:16. " This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh." [Return to page 153]
  52. Matthew 28:19. " Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:" [Return to page 153]
  53. William Gunther (1839-1918). [Return to page 154]
  54. For Watson’s remarks on the death and baptism of Nanny, see the Annual report for 1839 (Watson Report 4). [Return to page 158]
  55. Zechariah 3:1-2. " And he shewed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him. And the LORD said unto Satan, The LORD rebuke thee, O Satan; even the LORD that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire?" [Return to page 160]
  56. Isaiah 45:22. " Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am God, and there is none else." [Return to page 162]
  57. The Presbyterian minister, Reverend Robert Stewart, was most likely the author of a letter in J.D. Lang’s The Colonist in early 1840 concerning the Wellington Mission, submitted under the pseudonym `Stat Umbra’. The Colonist, 8 January 1840. [Return to page 171]
  58. Isaiah 9:6. " For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counseller, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace." [Return to page 171]
  59. Dundullimal station, on the Macquarie River below Wellington Valley (opposite Dubbo), was held under licence by C.& D. Campbell. In 1839 there were at least 20 men employed there, under the superintendence of H. Price. Commissioner of Crown Lands, Itineraries and Returns, SRNSW x813. It was purchased around 1841 by John Maughan, who later built the stately Dundullimal House, recently presented to the National Trust in 1986 and restored under its Bicentenary program. P. Dargin, Dundullimal: held in trust (Dubbo: Development and Advisory Publications Australia, 1999). [Return to page 181]
  60. Euromeda station on the lower Macquarie River. In 1848 the licence for Euromeda was held by Samuel & Lewis. [Return to page 185]
  61. This would be George Benjamin Franklin, referred to in Watson’s Reply, 1840, pp.25-6. Franklin was employed by Porter as cook and general hand for the Gunthers, apparently on the understanding that half his wages would be paid from the mission funds, and half by Gunther, who had received an increased salary for the purpose of employing domestics. The Sydney Committee refused to sanction the arrangement. [Return to page 197]
  62. Mark 15:14-15. " Then Pilate said unto them, Why, what evil hath he done? And they cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify him. And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him, to be crucified." [Return to page 197]
  63. Acts 10:38. " How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him." [Return to page 197]
  64. Dr Samuel Curtis, an important local pioneer-settler who, at this time, was managing J.B. Montefiores’ Nanima station. [Return to page 198]
  65. Presumably Mark 10:14. " But when Jesus saw it, he was much displeased, and said unto them, Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God." [Return to page 204]
  66. The new Police Magistrate at Wellington was William Warre Barrow (see WellPro Directory). [Return to page 211]
  67. Watson originally intended to relocate further down the Macquarie River, near or beyond Dubbo, but instead was offered a temporary campsite on Raymond’s Apsley estate, not far from the CMS mission reserve. In the malicious squabble that infected the Wellington community at this time, Watson and Raymond were united by an interest in antagonising Gunther and Porter. Watson arranged a 5 year lease on Apsley, calling his new mission `Murrunggallang’. [Return to page 214]
  68. See Watson to Barrow, 29 October 1840, CMS CN/O5(a), in which Watson explains his refusal to hand over the children. [Return to page 214]
  69. Governor Sir George Gipps (see WellPro Directory). Gipps’ own account of his tour was contained in his “Memorandum respecting Wellington Valley”, 1840 (see Appendix). [Return to page 215]